Environment waste source reduction
Environment waste source reduction means reducing the amount and/or toxicities of waste before it enters the municipal waste management system or it is discharged into the environment. In solid waste management, the term environment waste source reduction is used to describe waste minimization and hazard reduction at the source of generation. The purpose of source reduction is waste minimization and hazards from the first element of any waste management chains.
- Environment Waste Source Reduction refers to waste avoidance through the action of the waste generators to avoid generating solid waste.
- Waste utilization comprises action that makes the waste into a useful product or raw- materials for other purposes, eliminating the need for disposal.
- Hazard reduction means finding ways to reduce the toxicity of the waste.
On-Site Processing and Storage
On-site processing and storage is the second functional elements of an integrated solid waste management system. It is often the first element in present day solid waste management practices. On-site processing describes the separation of components and/or treatment of solid wastes.
Environment Waste Source Reduction and On-Site Processing Advantages
- generation of clean recyclable materials
- removal hazards materials from general waste streams in order to minimize health risk to the general population, particularly the waste handlers
- improved working condition within recycling plants
- improved efficiency of energy recovery processes, thus helping to operate the waste treatment system cost- effectively
- improved quality of end- products
- minimisation of overall waste management costs.
Benefits from resource reduction greatly outweigh those of recycling and increased positive environmental impacts.