Global warming effects on animals is becoming very apparent. Increasing global temperatures are expected to disrupt ecosystems and are pushing species to extinction if they are unable to adapt quickly enough. The effect of global warming on animals is very real and it is estimated that more than one million species could become extinct by the 2050 if the Earth continues to warm at the rate it is now.
There are thousands of plants and animals that have begun moving towards the poles, thus shifting their habitats. Alpine animals are shifting vertically to find temperatures that suit them. Plants and animals are at an increased risk of extinction as the global average temperature is expected to increase by more than 4.5 degrees Fahrenheit.
There are polar bears that are drowning because they are unable to swim longer distances to reach ice. The melting Arctic ice cap will cause the extinction of about two-thirds of the world’s polar bear population. There are some Antarctic penguin populations that have decreased by 33 percent because of a declining winter sea ice habitat, so the global warming effects on animals in increasing.
The Bermuda mangrove forests are disappearing and with them the breeding grounds of many species. These forests are where many species also rear their young. Shoreline sea life along the California coast is shifting northward due to the increase to warmer ocean temperatures as well as increased air temperatures.
The ocean is continually becoming more acidic because of the carbon dioxide emissions that are increasing. Due to this acidification there are species that have hard calcium carbonate shells that are vulnerable as well as the coral reefs. The coral reefs are vital to ocean ecosystems and scientists are predicting that a 3.6 degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature will probably destroy 97% of the world’s coral reefs.