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Solid Waste

Treatment Methods of Healthcare Waste (HCW)

healthcare waste

Healthcare waste (HCW) is defined as the total waste originating from all healthcare establishments; laboratories and research facilities (both human and animal); blood banks and collection centres; funeral and ambulance sevices and also the waste arising from treatment in the home. The advantages and disadvantages of treatment methods of healthcare ... Read More »

Definition of Solid and Semi-Solid Waste affecting Environment

Solid Waste

Waste generally means something  unwanted but its precise definition differs from one country to another. The Chinese often say that a thing can be both a raw material and a waste at the same time. A material is considered as waste until it is considered as beneficial again. Thus a ... Read More »

Risks Associated With Poor Management of Solid Waste

poor solid waste management

Poor management of solid waste can cause severe health damage to a society. Some major risks associated with poor management of  solid waste are described in brief in the below table.   Risks of Poor Management of Solid Waste Description Breeding ground for disease carriers Rats, flies, mosquitoes, cockroaches, pigs, birds ... Read More »

7 Stages of Solid Waste Management Process

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The solid waste management process is divided into quite a few different stages. The solid waste is generated, processed, stored, transferred, collected, recycled and then finally disposed. These stages are described below. Stages of Solid Waste Management Process Description Source / Generation of Waste Exploitation of natural resources, manufacturing of products, ... Read More »

Rational Steps In Integrated Waste Management

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There are five rational steps in the integrated waste management system. The individual steps are described in brief below. Rational Steps in Integrated Waste Management Comment Minimize waste hazard Changing behavioral aspects of the consumer and industry by raising public awareness and mass education on integrated waste management. Re-education in ... Read More »

Quantity of Solid Waste

solid waste - quantity of generated solid waste

Knowing the quantity of solid waste that is generated is one of the key elements needed for designing effective management methods for solid waste. The solid waste manager should know the quantity of waste to be managed before attempting to identify appropriate types of collection, material recycling and recovery facilities, and ... Read More »

Hazardous Waste Materials that Affect the Environment

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What are Hazardous Waste Materials Household waste often have hazardous items which are difficult to dispose of or which put human health or the environment at risk because of their chemical or biological nature. Hazardous waste materials such as decorative paints, coatings, household chemicals, pet care products, lubrication oils, tires, ... Read More »

On-Site Processing of Waste Materials

on-site processing of waste materials

The types of on-site processing of waste materials are: resource recovery to generate less waste in the environment hazard reduction in the environment separation of  types of waste On-site processing of waste materials includes the separation of wastes and treatment of solid wastes at or near the source of generation. ... Read More »

Biodegradable Materials – The Source of Renewable Energy

biodegradabletag

The digestion of biodegradable organic wastes, particularly at landfills produces a very strong leachate and greenhouse gases. This waste is not only a major threat to the environment but also represent a significant source of renewable energy. In waste treatment technique based on established natural eco-balance, composting and fermentation should ... Read More »

Main Strategic Options In Waste Minimisation and Hazard Reduction at Source

waste minimisation

Options in waste minimization strategies   Option Examples Waste Minimization Strategies Option 1Decreasing consumption of products Reducing the amount of materials required per unit service or process Packaging of product with minimum quantity materials Choosing recyclable products Buying in bulk Buying concentrated products reducing the number of containers Using re- ... Read More »