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Source reduction and on site processing of waste

Source reduction and on site processing of waste can be effectively implemented by raising public awareness to change the behavior of consumers and industries.  These approaches encourage selective buying patterns, and the reuse of materials and products. They help manufacturers and industries to practice waste minimization and hazard reduction through efficient design, green manufacturing strategies, increased product life, and packaging with minimum toxic content and efficient use of packing materials. In many countries, different types of labeling are used to categories products that meet certain environmental criteria ‘White snow’ in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, ‘Eco mark’ in japan, and ‘environmental choice in Canada’. Germany experience has shown that such labeling helps to shift the markets towards environmentally superior products. The success of source reduction and on site processing of waste depends primarily on:

  • competence of waste generation
  • motivation of waste generators
  • economic incentives
  • convenience
  • environmental education
  • legislation