On-site Waste Storage – General Information
On-site waste may be generated on a continuous basis throughout the day and night. It is generally collected by external contractors once a week, or at some other appropriate time, depending on the quantity and type of the waste and also the climate. Thus on-site waste storage is essential to contain waste materials prior to their collection. The efficiency and effectiveness of a particular collection system largely depends on the method of storage of solid waste at the point of collection. In an organized solid waste management system, particularly in many industrialized countries, storage containers have been developed to be compatible with waste collection vehicles. This reduces collection times, increases efficiency, and maximizes the productivity of collection crews and the collection system. Containerized on-site waste storage systems generally improve public health and aesthetics as they reduce the flow of waste into the environment. Closed containers control the odours and are influenced by a number of factors including:
- type of storage containers used
- location of storage containers
- public health and aesthetics
- availability of resources for waste management
- available methods for waste collection and further transformation. Storage at or near the source of generation may be broadly classified as –
- individual storage on premises
- communal storage.
In high income and low-density areas, individual closed storage containers placed on the premises may be a more feasible option for on-site waste storage. Communal collection containers can be split into compartments to accommodate different amounts and types of waste.