Planning for recycling and developing an effective recycling programme is very important in recycling process. Both will be discussed in this article in brief.
Planning for Recycling
Some of the following activities may help with promotion and planning for recycling:
Involvement of all stakeholders
The recycling programme should aim to involve all waste generators, government, NGOs, etc. to operate the system efficiently.
Public education campaign
As there participation is important for well-planned recycling, it is necessary to encourage greater participation of waste generators and to support them by providing information and education.
Commitment of local government
Local as well as national government has a major responsibility to develop a recycling plan with some targets, and local government should play an advocacy role to motivate and encourage generators.
Assessment and augmentation of existing system
It is vital to identify the problem and limitations of any exciting system so that appropriate measure can be planned, such as modifying or formulating waste management legislation.
Building local expertise
If a new technological solution is being adopted, operation and maintenance of pilot-scale plants may help develop local expertise and will also minimise planning errors.
Possibility of integration with other waste management elements
Waste management can be integrated with transfer station and disposal sites as this has a positive impact on other waste management elements and may help to sustain the programme.
Assessment of local waste stream
Both quantity and composition of different constituents should be assessed, to identify materials with potential to be recycled.
The ultimate success of many recycling plants depends on marketing of recovered materials. It should take into account market uncertainties.
Developing Effective Recycling Programme
The development of an effective recycling programme and selection of materials that can be recycled should be based on the following.
- Legislation may demand diversion of certain materials from waste streams (for example, present legislation in many industrialised country bans disposal of certain materials on the landfill, and the final disposal option may involve a higher tipping for selected materials).
- Recycling opportunities provides a market for recycling materials; however, to design centralized recycling plants, particularly in developing countries, if a small percentage of targeted materials are available in the waste stream because of their very high market value, then a centralised recycling system may not be cost effective.
- Commitment of organisations involved in solid waste management and protection of environment is essential- depending on the level of commitment, there may be sudsidies, loans, incentives, etc. for recycling selected materials.
- Labour and equipment infrastructures must be available
- Finance is required for the programme – including the cost of planning awareness programmes; capital cost; programme operation and maintenance costs; and making cost; and marketing cost.