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7 Stages of Solid Waste Management Process

The solid waste management process is divided into quite a few different stages. The solid waste is generated, processed, stored, transferred, collected, recycled and then finally disposed. These stages are described below.

Stages of Solid Waste Management Process


Source / Generation of Waste
Exploitation of natural resources, manufacturing of products, use of products, and material become worthless and is discarded
On-site processing and storage primary collection of Waste
Processing (includes separation of waste components and resource/ energy recovery) and storage at or near the point of generation.
Communal storage of Waste
Picking up of waste from sources by external bodies (common in industrialized countries) and transfer station or closely located disposal sites, or collection of waste by micro-enterprises.
 Transfer stationCommon in low-income countries (for all categories of waste), storage at communal bins, containers or designated places for picking up of solid waste by external organizations.
Secondary collection of Waste
Transfer of waste from small collection vehicles to large haulage vehicles.
Recycling, processing, resources recoveryPicking up of waste from secondary storage site and transport to final disposal site.
Disposal of Waste
Treatment plant is usually the final stage of solid waste management.