In high-income industrialised countries, recycling of waste has become more prominent. The governments of industrialised countries started to sponsor education campaigns about recycling and to provide financial incentives to buyback center and industries that recycle. In some case there are laws and policies favoring the recycling of products in industrialised countries. Government campaigns have been successful in many countries and recycling of some parts of households waste has become a normal process. In many cases, this has meant the households having to make an extra effort to separate recyclables at sources and take them to a communal collection bin. Many waste items can theoretically be recycled but whether this recycling has sound economic and environmental basis is another matter.
Sophisticated mechanised material-recovery processes have been developed and are in operation in Europe, USA and some other industrialised countries. The recovery materials are dependent on the types of processes employed, but they typically include: paper; plastics; metals; glass; and puterscible/organic waste. Presently they are extending their services to included batteries, used tyres, oil, chemical and the like.
Current recycling practice throughout the world includes a vast majority of materials such as:
- papers- old newspaper, cardboard and high-grade paper
- metals-ferrous and non-ferrous
- rubber and leather
- construction and demolition waste
- food waste
- garden waste